Ukraine returns to 2002 in upcoming Oct. 28 election

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Aug. 30, 2012, 11:02 p.m. | Politics — by Yuriy Onyshkiv

During Ukraine’s last parliamentary election in 2007, a woman waits for ballots. On Oct. 28, voters will get two ballots each as the nation returns to a mixed election system of single-mandate districts and party lists.

Yuriy Onyshkiv

The mixed election system is back a decade after it was last used in Ukraine. 

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Ukrtoday Ukraine Aug. 31, 2012, 1:39 a.m.    

The spirit mandate MMP system will faile to provide representative Governernment. First-Past-The-Post (FPTP) votinge system is inherently undemocratic. The higest polling candidate is elected, They can be elcted with less then 50% and as little as 30% support. The majority of the electorate will be disenfranchised. It is not so much corruption that will decide the election but the level of competition between candidates of similar polices.

In relation to the Party List proportional representation system the representational threshold will further disenfranchise supports of minor candidates There I no need to an artificial threshold or the split mandate system

Preferred option, as recommended by the Venice Commission, is to establish smaller local electorates (50 or 90) with each electorate electing 9 or 5 members of parliamnetr respectively using a system of preferential proportional representation. The quota for election would be 10% or 16.7% respectively. This option would provide for direct represenation open lists whilst maintaining balnce and proportional representation.

If there is a per ived need to provide National versus local representation then this is best achieved by establishing a bicameral Parliament. it's the lower house being elected on the basis of local representation and a senate (upper house) elected nationally. Blth houses could maintain a proportional electoral system

the adoption of a preferential "alternative vote" votin system would allow supporters of minor candidates to have a say in who should represent them. They would not be disenfranced. If the candidate of their first choice is not elected then their vote would be transferred to another candidate.

Ukraine MUST abandon ten first-past-the-post votings system. It is wrong that a single member consituency can be represented by a person with less than 50% support.

Analysis of the 2010 first-round presidential vote I dictates that the Givernment will have a distinct advantage in the revised system using FPTP voting with the outcome of e Luton beig decided on a handful of swing seats where the winning candidate can have as little as 30% support. n electorates where there is multiple contests between opposition
Parties this will favour the Government.

Many candidates running in single member seats are what re refered to as Spoiler Candidates. Their role is to take votes away from other candidates of similar bent. members of Our Ukraine running in single member seats will do just that. Their supporters will be disenfranchise and have no say I. Who should represent them.

The adoption of a preferential voting system would prevent such negative tactics from applying. supppirt for a minor candidates would not be denied representation. their votes would be transfers to other continuing candidates ensuring that whoever is elected represents a majority 50% or more) of the electorate. this is. Similar the two. Round presidmetial system but without the need fr two ballots. Voters rank candidates in ord of prefernce and if their candidate is unsuccessful their vote is transferred to the next available prefered candidate on their llist. One round same result.

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Ukrtoday Ukraine Aug. 31, 2012, 1:43 a.m.    

The greatest threat to single member mandate electorates is not corruption but the first-past-the-post voting system. It is outdated and undemocrtic.

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harley Aug. 31, 2012, 7:52 a.m.    

Thanks very much to the reporter; that was the first time i have seen an explanation of the new system that i am able to understand.

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Harry Yellando Aug. 31, 2012, 10:59 a.m.    

It will not stop Yanko and his band of mafia to win on the October 28 vote as ALL has been done to secured his win by early clones,corruption and threat that will never show up for the observers to see.......Yanko is laughing all the way to the next 20 years as presiden, as in Belarus....this is what the Ukraine people want, they fear change and happy with the soviet standard of living.....if they WANTED change Yankos mafia would be out at this election.

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