Ukrainian Insurgent Army was a large and well organized Ukrainian nationalist military and later partisan army that engaged in a series of guerrilla conflicts during World War II against Nazi Germany, the Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia, and both Underground and Communist Poland. The group was the military wing of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists — Bandera faction (the OUN-B), originally formed in Volyn region (northwestern Ukraine) in the spring and summer of 1943. But officially the day of creation is the day of Intercession of the Theotokos or the Protection of Our Most Holy Lady Theotokos and Ever-Virgin Mary that is celebrated in Ukraine on 14th of October.
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