Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko walk at the presidential residence in Minsk, on Feb. 12, 2015, during a meeting aimed at ending 10 months of fighting in Ukraine.
Editor's note: Below is the unofficial translation of the full text of agreements reached by the leaders of Germany, France, Ukraine and Russia in Minsk on Feb. 12, 2015.
A complex of measures to fulfill the Minsk agreements
1. Immediate and full cease-fire in particular districts of Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts of Ukraine and its strict fulfillment as of 00 hours 00 minutes (Kyiv time) on Feb. 15, 2015.
2. Pull-out of all heavy weapons by both sides to equal distance with the aim of creation of a security zone on minimum 50 kilometers apart for artillery of 100 mm caliber or more, and a security zone of 70 km for MLRS and 140 kilometers for MLRS Tornado-S, Uragan, Smerch and tactical missile systems Tochka U.
- for Ukrainian troops, from actual line of contact;
- for armed formations of particular districts of Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts of Ukraine, from the contact line in accordance with the Minsk memorandum as of Sept. 19, 2014
The pullout of the above mentioned heavy weapons has to start no later than the second day after the cease-fire and finish within 14 days.
This process will be assisted by OSCE with the support of the Trilateral Contact Group.
3. Effective monitoring and verification of cease-fire regime and pullout of heavy weapons by OSCE will be provided from the first day of pullout, using all necessary technical means such as satellites, drones, radio-location systems etc.
4. On the first day after the pullout a dialog is to start on modalities of conducting local elections in accordance with the Ukrainian legislation and the Law of Ukraine “On temporary Order of Local Self-Governance in Particular Districts of Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts," and also about the future of these districts based on the above mentioned law.
Without delays, but no later than 30 days from the date of signing of this document, a resolution has to be approved by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, indicating the territory which falls under the special regime in accordance with the law “On temporary Order of Local Self-Governance in Particular Districts of Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts," beased in the line set up by the Minsk Memorandum as of Sept. 19, 2014.
5. Provide pardon and amnesty by way of enacting a law that forbids persecution and punishment of persons in relation to events that took place in particular departments of Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts of Ukraine.
6. Provide release and exchange of all hostages and illegally held persons, based on the principle of “all for all". This process has to end – at the latest – on the fifth day after the pullout (of weapons).
7. Provide safe access, delivery, storage and distribution of humanitarian aid to the needy, based on an international mechanism.
8. Define the modalities of a full restoration of social and economic connections, including social transfers, such as payments of pensions and other payments (income and revenue, timely payment of communal bills, restoration of tax payments within the framework of Ukrainian legal field)
With this aim, Ukraine will restore management over the segment of its banking system in the districts affected by the conflict, and possibly, an international mechanism will be established to ease such transactions.
9. Restore full control over the state border by Ukrainian government in the whole conflict zone, which has to start on the first day after the local election and end after the full political regulation (local elections in particular districts of Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts based on the law of Ukraine and Constitutional reform) by the end of 2015, on the condition of fulfillment of Point 11 – in consultations and in agreement with representatives of particular districts of Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts within the framework of the Trilateral Contact Group.
10. Pullout of all foreign armed formations, military equipment, and also mercenaries from the territory of Ukraine under OSCE supervision. Disarmament of all illegal groups.
11. Constitutional reform in Ukraine, with the new Constitution to come into effect by the end of 2015, the key element of which is decentralization (taking into account peculiarities of particular districts of Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts, agreed with representatives of these districts), and also approval of permanent legislation on special status of particular districts of Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts in accordance with the measures spelled out in the footnotes, by the end of 2015.
The measures in accordance with the Law on Special Order of Local Self-Governance in Particular Districts of Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts include the following:
- exemption from punishment, persecution and discrimination of the persons connected with the events that took place in particular districts of Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts;
- the right for language determination;
- participation of local self-governance in appointment of prosecutors and judges in particular districts of Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts;
- possibility for central executive power organs to conclude with relevant local self-government organs of agreements regarding economic, social and cultural development of particular districts of Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts;
- the state provides support for social and economic development of particular districts of Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts;
- the central government promotes trans-border cooperation in particular districts of Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts with regions of the Russian Federation;
- units of people's militia are to be created, based on the decision of local councils, with the aim of maintaining public order in particular districts of Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts;
- the powers of deputies of local councils and officials elected during the pre-term elections, which are set up by this law of Ukraine, cannot be terminated early.