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Bandera’s heroism contrasts sharply with today’s cowardice

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April 9, 2010, 12:48 p.m. | Op-ed — by Stephen Bandera
To: Viktor Yanukovych, President of Ukraine, 11 Street of Bank, Kyiv, Ukraina Highly Esteemed Viktor Fyodorovych!

I never knew you had kangaroos in Donetsk. I learned that about your courts on April 2. We were on the way to church for Holy Great Friday Vespers when the telegram arrived stating “Your grandfather is no longer Hero of Ukraine.”

“Ha-ha!” I thought, “this April Fool’s joke is a day late,” and went to church where I reflected on the way Pontius Pilate washed his hands and thought of you. I remembered your promise to the Kremlin to strip Hero status from my grandfather before Stalin’s Victory Day on May 9. And then I understood that like Pilate you weren’t actually going to repeal the Hero title yourself. You would have a court do your dirty work.

Honestly, I didn’t think you were going to go through with it, because that would make a mockery of the Ukrainian judicial system. You see, we’ve been down this legal road before. Last year, the Donetsk Administrative Court ruled on a case filed by lawyer Vladimir Olentsevych who challenged the Hero of Ukraine title bestowed on UPA Commander-in-Chief Roman Shukhevych.

Olentsevych claimed that his rights as a citizen were violated because Roman Shukhevych was never a citizen of Ukraine. According to law, only citizens of Ukraine can be awarded “Hero of Ukraine.” Olentsevych argued that: a) Ukraine came into being in 1991 and b) Shukhevych was killed in 1951, ergo he was not a citizen of Ukraine. On Feb. 12, 2009, the Donetsk Administrative Court ruled against Olentsevych: Shukhevych’s Hero of Ukraine award did not contravene Ukrainian law. Case closed.

Fast forward one year. Same court, same plaintiff, same claim as in the Shukhevych case, except the target is Bandera. This time around, however, Donetsk Administrative Court Judge Karine Eskenderivna Abdukadirova ruled that Bandera cannot be a “Hero of Ukraine” because he was never its citizen. So what changed in the last year? The law is the same, a legal precedent exists. What’s different this time around? It’s you Mr. President. A new president is in office.

In functioning democracies where Rule of Law has been more or less established, judges are typically not influenced by or dependent upon those holding executive branch office. Even those people who absolutely despise Bandera and would like to see him stripped of Hero status have cause for concern. Ukraine’s court system is subject to the whims of whoever holds political power. The judiciary is a dependent joke.

Following the logic of the Donetsk court ruling, you will have to “de-heroize” at least 15 Heroes who died before 1991, including poets Vasyl Stus and Volodymyr Ivasiuk. Then there are the brave men who died fighting the Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant disaster in 1986. And the Red Army heroes who liberated Auschwitz, accepted the capitulation of the Japanese and raised the Soviet flag atop the Reichstag in Berlin to mark the end of the Great Patriotic War. They, like Bandera, died before 1991.

Sixty three days! That’s how long Stepan Bandera lasted as Hero of Ukraine... Tell me, Mr. President, what is he now: Enemy of Ukraine? Anti-Hero of Ukraine? Regular guy of Ukraine?

O Great Yanukovych! I will abide by whatever you decide in your infinite wisdom. But I accepted the Hero of Ukraine award on behalf of our family from the hands of a president, and I will only give it back into the hands of a president. No crowds. Mono e mono. For my part, I promise: No eggs.


Ukrainian nationalists Stepan Bandera (L) and Roman Shukhevych

Mr. President! You tried to ruin Easter for our family, but you failed. For the same day your court in Donetsk ruled to strip Bandera of his Hero title, God bestowed the best gift possible to our family: the birth of Stepan Bandera’s fifth great grandchild. The KGB succeeded in killing his great grandfather. But try as you might, you will never stop the Banderas: Coming soon to a gene pool near you!

Glory to Ukraine! Glory to Her Children! In prostration,
S.A. Bandera
Grandson of Hero of Ukraine

PS: I heard your spokeswoman Hanna Herman called me a “bad grandson.” That may be so. Because if I was a “good son” then I most certainly would have a job in the government like her son Mykola who was magically appointed the Deputy Minister for Emergency Situations.



Stepan Bandera is a reporter and a former Kyiv Post journalist. You can read his blog entries at http://kyivscoop.blogspot.com/
The Kyiv Post is hosting comments to foster lively debate. Criticism is fine, but stick to the issues. Comments that include profanity or personal attacks will be removed from the site. If you think that a posted comment violates these standards, please flag it and alert us. We will take steps to block violators.
Anonymous April 9, 2010, 8:15 p.m.    

First, "Stephen," "Steve," or whatever name you use at the moment, it seems that since you do not always use "Stepan" you are rightfully ashamed of that name.

The courts are most definitely corrupt. That has been a fact since day 1. When your boy Yushchenko was president and divided the country with these awards, the courts upheld that "president." Now they have gone into the other direction. Perhaps it might be best to strip everyone of these awards and start over. I suggest we vote for these heroes when there is a vote for president every 5 years. That way, the people choose. Fair?

If your namesake then never gets elected to the award, then what can you say? It is the will of the people of Ukraine. If he does, then the other side can only say the same. This process takes it out of the courts as well as the president-du-jour.

As for the Red Army heroes, my you are truly dense. Several of my relatives are past 85 and were front line soldiers, heroes of the war. Your fascist double-speak and big lies cannot take away their awards since they were citizens in 1991 as were hundreds of thousands of their Red Army colleagues who are disgusted by your namesake and the award which is totally undeserved.

That you would denigrate and demean the achievements of the Red Army against the Nazis shows which side of the war your sympathies still lie. The apple did not fall far from the tree.

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Anonymous April 12, 2010, 1:38 a.m.    

The Soviet Union started World War 2 with Nazi Germany. Prior to this the Soviet Union killed millions of it's own citizens with mass starvation and executions. Too bad your family was fighting for the Evil Empire known as the Soviet Union. Too bad that your family was allied with Nazi Germany in 1939. Too bad that your family has the blood of millions of Christian martyrs on it's hands. It's too bad that you can't seem to understand that Nazi Germany killed fewer people than did the Soviet Union. It's too bad that you continue to defend a corrupt and evil regime which produced nothing of value for humanity.

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Anonymous April 10, 2010, 4:26 a.m.    

Stalin's army of rapists: The brutal war crime that Russia and Germany tried to ignore

By Andrew Roberts

main link gone but here is link to GLP thread

http://www.godlikeproductions.com/forum1/message846841/pg1

Relations between Russia and Germany have not been good since Vladimir Putin's nationalist sabre-rattling this summer, but they are about to get a whole lot worse.

A new film about to be released in Germany will force both countries to re-examine part of their recent history that each would much prefer to forget. Yet it is right that the ghastly truth should finally be acknowledged.

The movie, A Woman In Berlin, is based on the diary of the German journalist Marta Hillers and depicts the horror of the Red Army's capture of the capital of the Third Reich in April and May 1945.

A German girl walks past Soviet troops in a scene from A Woman In Berlin.

Marta was one of two million German women who were raped by soldiers of the Red Army - in her case, as in so many others, several times over.

It was a feature of Russia's 'liberation' and occupation of eastern Germany at the end of World War II that is familiar enough to historians, but which neither country cares to acknowledge took place on anything like the scale it did.

Many had abortions or were treated for the syphilis they caught. And as for the so-called Russenbabies - the children born out of rape - many were abandoned.

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Anonymous April 10, 2010, 4:30 a.m.    

In his fine new book, World War Two: Behind Closed Doors, the historian Laurence Rees points out that although rape was officially a crime in the Red Army, in fact, Stalin explicitly condoned it as a method of rewarding the soldiers and terrorising German civilians.

Stalin said people should ' understand it if a soldier who has crossed thousands of kilometres through blood and fire and death has fun with a woman or takes some trifle'.

On another occasion, when told that Red Army soldiers sexually maltreated German refugees, he said: 'We lecture our soldiers too much; let them have their initiative.'

While Stalin condoned rape as an instrument of state military policy, his police chief Lavrenti Beria was a serial rapist.

An American diplomat, Beria's bodyguard and the Russian actress Tatiana Okunevskaya all bore witness of his methods of grabbing women off the street and shoving them into his limousine and then his bed.

'You are a long way from anywhere, so whether you scream or not does not matter,' Beria would tell the women when he got them back to his dacha. 'You are in my power now. So think about that and behave accordingly.'

More than 100 school-aged girls and young women were drugged and raped by the man who ran the NKVD, the feared forerunner to the KGB.

'All of which means, of course, that if reports of Red Army soldiers raping women in eastern Europe were sent to the NKVD in Moscow, they finally reached the desk of a rapist himself,' says Rees.

The rape of Berlin's female population - anyone between the ages of 13 and 70 was in danger - was cruelly vicious.

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Anonymous April 10, 2010, 4:34 a.m.    

As well as the estimated two million rapes in Germany, there were between 70,000 and 100,000 in Vienna and anywhere from 50,000 to 200,000 in Hungary, as well as thousands in Romania and Bulgaria, which had been pro-Nazi, but also in Poland, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia, which had not been.

Indeed, as Beevor points out, the Red Army even raped Russian women who had been liberated from concentration camps, emaciated and wearing their prison uniform.

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Anonymous April 10, 2010, 4:38 a.m.    

In a recently published book by the Professor of Modern History at Cambridge, Richard Evans, a young Russian officer is quoted recalling how when his unit overtook a column of fleeing German refugees: 'Women, mothers and their children lie to the right and left along the route, and in front of each of them stands a raucous armada of men with their trousers down.

The women, who are bleeding or losing consciousness, get shoved to one side, and our men shoot the ones who try to save their children.'

A group of 'grinning' officers ensured that 'every soldier without exception would take part'.

Evans records: 'Rape was often accompanied by torture and mutilation and frequently ends in the victim being shot or bludgeoned to death. The raging violence was undiscriminating.'

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Anonymous April 16, 2010, 2:14 p.m.    

Here is the link to the IMDb (International Movie Database) listing for that movie

the title of which is &quot;Anonyma - Eine Frau in Berlin&quot; currently being shown in German and in Russian.

http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1035730/

Here is the synopsis: A nameless woman keeps a diary as the Russians invade Berlin in the spring of 1945. She is in her early 30s, a patriotic journalist with international credentials; her husband, Gerd, a writer, is an officer at the Russian front. She speaks Russian and, for a day or two after the invasion, keeps herself safe, but then the rapes begin. She resolves to control her fate and invites the attentions of a Russian major, Andreij Rybkin. He becomes her protector of sorts subject to pressures from his own fellow soldiers and officers. Dramas play out in the block of flats where she lives. Is she an amoral traitor? She asks, &quot;How do we go on living?&quot; And what of Gerd and her diary?

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Anonymous April 9, 2010, 10:03 p.m.    

Actually, he (Stephen, Steve, whatever name you want to call him including Nazi) has a point. As Ukraine's master told the Americans: &quot;Ukraine is not even a country.&quot; So basically, there are no heroes of Ukraine, including the Red Army guys you call heroes. They are heroes of the Soviet Union. And since Russia took the Former Soyuz responsibility, they are heroes of Russia. Ukraine has no heroes. there was never a Ukraine.

A few more years and Ukraine will be back where it belongs, as the little dog to its master, Russia.

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Anonymous April 10, 2010, 1:32 a.m.    

The Red Army soldiers who freed their country from Nazi and Banderist domination and slavery were not only citizens of the USSR but also of a country that was a legal part of the United Nations called Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. They had a seat and a vote. A Ukrainian nation did exist even if it was a &quot;technical nation&quot; as &quot;voluntary&quot; part of the Soviet Union. In fact, it was this constitutionally granted ability to leave the Soviet Union that one of the Baltic States used as a pretext in the late 1980s.

In that Ukrainian nation, which existed until 1991, the Red Army was the only hero army, all the others were and are bandits and terrorists.

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Anonymous April 17, 2010, 10:05 p.m.    

It is absurd to say that the red army were heroes of the Ukrainian people when the red army killed UKRAINIANS for over seventy (70) years; and the Ukrainian people and armies have been fighting the red army for over seventy (70) years,

This is just some of what the &quot;red army heroes” did for moscow and to Ukraine! :

The Russian famine of 1921, which began in the early spring of that year, lasted through 1922. Food and grain was confiscated by Red Army and communist party members to supply St. Petersburg and Moscow shops, while peasants (mainly Volga and Ukraine steps) where left to die from starvation.

&quot;Everyone was dying of hunger - the young, the old, everyone.&quot;

&quot;That's where my four children died. 'Look, said a doctor, 'the children are dead, yet they walk as if they were alive. They are dead, yet still they move.' A day or two later they too died. Every one.&quot;

Victor Kravchenko&quot;Harvest in Hell&quot;:

&quot;What I saw that morning ... was inexpressibly horrible. On a battlefield men die quickly, they fight back ... Here I saw people dying in solitude by slow degrees, dying hideously, without the excuse of sacrifice for a cause. They had been trapped and left to starve, each in his own home, by a political decision made in a far-off capital around conference and banquet tables. There was not even the consolation of inevitability to relieve the horror.

&quot;The most terrifying sights were the little children with skeleton limbs dangling from balloon-like abdomens. Starvation had wiped every trace of youth from their faces, turning them into tortured gargoyles; only in their eyes still lingered the reminder of childhood. Everywhere we found men and women lying prone (weak from hunger), their faces and bellies bloated, their eyes utterly expressionless.&quot;

&quot;Villages were surrounded and laid waste, set to the torch, attacked by tanks and artillery and bombs from the air. A Secret Police Colonel, almost sobbing, told the writer Isaac Deutscher:

&quot;I am an old Bolshevik. I worked in the underground against the Tsar and then I fought in the civil war. Did I do all that in order that I should now surround villages with machine-guns and order my men to fire indiscriminately into crowds of peasants? Oh no, no!&quot;

One Moscow agent, mighty Hatayevich, in reprimanding Comrade Victor Kravchenko, one of 100,000 men &quot;selected by the Central Committee of the Party&quot; to help in Collectivization said:

&quot;... I'm not sure that you understand what has been happening. A ruthless struggle is going on between the peasantry and our regime. It's a struggle to the death. This year (1933) was a test of our strength and their endurance. It took a famine to show them who is master here. It has cost millions of lives, but the collective farm system is here to stay, We've won the war.&quot;

Hatayevich, Secretary of the Regional Committee of the Dnipropetrovsk Communist Party and one of the foremost Communist in the Ukrainian SSR reveals here that the famine was intentional, that it took millions of lives, and that he considered it a &quot;war&quot; against the Ukrainian farmers.

http://www.lietuvos.net/istorija/communism/

As for why it was necessary for the Red army men and the Party activists to do “their” bidding, starving millions, and sending more millions to their doom in the freezing wastes, we are told that both the Red army soldiers and party men were just “carrying out orders.” And as he says this, “The merciless Red enforcer of yesteryear squirms, fidgets, and wrings his hands.”

The doors were locked and never opened. There were Red army guards. The doors weren’t opened until we reached the destination in southern Kazakhstan or somewhere. There they unloaded us out onto the frozen ground. It was the start of January. We stayed to weed sugar-beet. Everyone was dying of hunger—the young, the old, everyone.”

“That’s where my four children died. ‘Look, said a doctor, ‘the children are dead, yet they walk as if they were alive. They are dead, yet still they move.’ A day or two later they too died. Every one.” The interviewer then asks whether she had any more children. “No. I didn’t want another family. I felt sorry for the children. I didn’t want any more,” she says, as her ancient face trembles with emotion and she is unable to go on. Another survivor, a man, says bluntly: “It was genocide. I had six uncles. They, with families of sometimes seven, were all deported. After a month none of them were alive. Not one.” He finds the memories too bitter to be borne, and asks that the interview be ended.

As more than one informant reports, this village was “on the blacklist”. Why? “Because they were Cossacks and kulaks, which had to be disposed of. Basically, the Cossacks had to be disposed of.”

In these non-Russian areas “each household held, either in ownership or under lease, a parcel of land which it cultivated as it pleased” [Pipes 1991: 98]. As successful independent farmers the Kuban Cossacks had no desire whatever to be collectivized. It was for this contrariness that the village was on the blacklist. This was why thousands of villagers had to be “disposed of”.

http://www.rogersandall.com/the-cinema-of-witness/

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Anonymous April 10, 2010, 3:11 a.m.    

That you support Moscow instead of Ukraine shows where your sympathies like..in the destruction of the Ukrainian nation...

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Anonymous April 16, 2010, 2:05 a.m.    

But some who are now heroes died before 1991.

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Anonymous April 11, 2010, 7:02 p.m.    

What this has to do with the discussion is a mystery. Just another attempt at diverting attention from the real discussion since that is uncomfortable for you fascist diaspora brain dead types.

Just a question. When the Nazis along with their Ukrainian legions invaded the USSR, they were also not quite gentlemen. This is something you do not want to point. In their case, not only was rape part of the process but also the murders of millions,

Russians, Jews, Ukrainians, anyone, actually, was a victim of the Nazis and their Halychyna Kapos.

What lovely genetics each and everyone you of you Nazi sympathizers have.

Not one of you have addressed the issues of Ukrainian support of the Nazis in WWII. This is your eternal shame.

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Anonymous April 16, 2010, 5:58 p.m.    

whoa, whoa, whoa, hold on there. I have female relatives who lived in Ukraine during that time.

Civilian women did not have to hide from the nazis - but they did have to hide from the rooshan-sovok red army.

Jews were just as much victims of the sovok union as of the nazis. And Ukrainians were victims of the sovok union.

But you keep spouting your sovok propaganda - it's you who are brain dead. Too much stalin and lenin on your brain, even today, when most of the world knows better and knows exactly what stalin and the sovok system were really like.

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Anonymous April 9, 2010, 9:11 p.m.    

The photo with the kremlin's flag explains it all. The kremlinoids try to brainwash the world by saying the there were no Ukrainians or Ukraine prior to 1991.

In 1862 all Ukrainian sunday schools were abolished and proscribed (at the time there were more than 100 of them in existence). In 1863 Petr Valuyev, the minister of internal affairs issued a so-called Valuev Circular in which he stated that the Ukrainian language never existed, doesn't exist, and cannot exist.

The Circular ordered the Censorship Committees to ban the publication of religious texts, educational texts, and beginner-level books in Ukrainian, but permitted publication of literature in that language.

The situation with Ukrainian language was later resolved in such a way that the usage of the language in open print was completely prohibited with the Ems Ukaz in 1876.

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Anonymous April 10, 2010, 11:04 a.m.    

Please note the absurd logic of the kremlin:

1862 - The Circular also stated that &quot;no separate Little Russian language ever existed, doesn't exist, and couldn't exist&quot;, but permitted publication of literature in the Ukrainian language.

1876 - The Circular also stated that &quot;no separate Little Russian language ever existed, doesn't exist, and couldn't exist&quot;, therefore, the kremlin completely prohibited something that did not exist?

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Anonymous April 11, 2010, 7:07 p.m.    

This reminds one of the story by Tynyanov, Lieutenant Kije, for which Prokofiev wrote the score. If the tsar thinks that there is a Lieutenant Kije, then there must be a Lieutenant Kije.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lieutenant_Kij%C3%A9_(Prokofiev)

Lack of logic never bothered the sovoks, even today - it used to be all &quot;solved&quot; by sovok propaganda, bombanst, intimidation, and threats.

All ending with the phrase - &quot;вот всьо.&quot;

It is too bad that there are still so many muddle-headed russified sovok zombies who can't think still existing in Ukraine in the 21st century.

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Anonymous April 9, 2010, 11:24 p.m.    

Bandera was never a hero of Ukraine.

Less then 5% of Ukrainians support Bandera;'s Hero status.

Disgraced former President Viktor Yushchenko unilaterally declared Bandera, a WWII Nazi collaborator, a Hero of Ukraine in his last days of President, knowing that he had lost his bid for a second term. His nomination came as a surprise to many. There was no proper process of nomination or assessment.

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Anonymous April 12, 2010, 1:33 a.m.    

You are confusing Yuschenko's 5% popular vote in the last elections with the percent of Ukrainians support the Bandera medal. There are many supporters of Bandera around Ukraine, including the Kyivan Patriach of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church and the Patriarch of the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church. With such high profile Ukrainians fully in support of the award, there is little doubt that the majority of Ukrainians support the past president on this issue. Since bandera never ceeded Ukraine's sovereingty to the Nazis he can't be considered a collaborator. He briefly allied himself with Germany to liberate Ukraine of the most evil regime the planet Earth has known in the past century - Soviet Russian Communism. Russian Communism killed more people than did the Nazi's. The Russians even allied themselves with the Nazis in 1939 two full years before Bandera did but the they like to pretend that that never happened) and are careful to never mention World War 2 (1939-1945 and instead make reference to a so called &quot;Great Patriotic War&quot; which began in 1941 and ended in 1945.

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Anonymous April 16, 2010, 5:41 a.m.    

Bandera was the greatest contemporary Ukrainian hero. Less than 5% of Ukrainians objected to Bandera's Hero status. Sorry, dude, these are the facts and historical truth. Slava to Ukraine and Slavo to Bandera.

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Anonymous April 17, 2010, 10:16 a.m.    

Less then 5% support his Hero status.

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Anonymous April 20, 2010, 5:53 a.m.    

Less than 5% objected to his hero status

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Anonymous April 10, 2010, 10:36 p.m.    

To understand why the kremlin has been promoting disinformation and propaganda against Bandara, (for over 70 years) one has to listen to the following:

ORIGINAL RECORDING OF SPEACH BY STEPAN BANDERA FROM 1959:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4E23fpnYajU

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Anonymous April 12, 2010, 8:08 p.m.    

i'd vote for this Bandera if he ran, at least he understands the situation Ukraine is in. i.e &quot;Ukraine’s court system is subject to the whims of whoever holds political power. The judiciary is a dependent joke.&quot; but i wonder if he wrote this in Ukrainian or Russian, if it was written in the official national language of Ukraine, Yanu might have a hard time understanding.

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Anonymous April 16, 2010, 5:50 a.m.    

Talking about murderers, the Kovpak partisan group was the most ferocious one. The group was not supported by the Soviet government, so it started to rob people around Sumy forest and killing anyone who

refused to give them the last loaf of bread they had and the only pair of shoes they wore. The Kovpaks even killed their own family members for not cooperating with them. Not True? The local party officials wrote letters to the Minister of Internal Affairs Beria and forwarded their copies to Stalin too. The historians are telling us

that Stalin had enough of Kovpak and early in 1943 sent him and his bunch of over 1500 men to Carpathian mountains to fight Germans. I witnessed one group of Kovpak partisans moving south in farmers wagons through the forests of Lubachiv and Yaroslav. They stopped at the hamlet of Lykhachi, beat up many peasants and took from them whatever food they had.

The Soviet commanders often brought new Ukrainian recruits to the front who had none or very little training. Zhukov was quoted saying that it served Ukrainians well because they did not resist hard enough

when Hitler attacked USSR.

The battle for Kiev took lives of almost one million of Ukrainians recruited in the Kiev oblast who had very little fighting preparations.

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Anonymous April 16, 2010, 2:46 p.m.    

Guest, you claim the Kovpak partisans were not supported by the Soviet government? In reality the Kovpak band was SENT by the Soviet war criminals in order to hinder the very successful recruiting campaign for Division Halychyna in Galicia. (They failed).

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Anonymous April 16, 2010, 6:58 a.m.    

Talking about collaboration with Hitler, there is no need to tell how

Stalin and Hitler &quot;fraternally&quot; split Poland, and Stalin murdred Polish officers in Katyn which remfication are being felt till present day. But I witnessed one &quot;brotherly&quot; meeting between German

and Soviet border guards near Ruchkalka forest, about 27 km north of the city of Yaroslav, then under Soviet occupation. It happened in 1939 in the village of Molodych when German car drove close to Soviet borderguard station. Us kinds loved to look at the tires marks left in the sandy country road. We followed it to the station and saw them boozing together and singing till midnight. Wasn't is a colloboratory relation?

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Anonymous April 16, 2010, 9:04 a.m.    

Molodych just happens to be my grandmother's birthplace

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Anonymous April 16, 2010, 11:11 a.m.    

Many people talk about Katyn, and few people know about Bykivnia – and they are related.

Up to 1,000% more victims {Ukrainian and Polish Intelligentsia} of sinful genocide were buried in Bykivnia than in Katyn.

Bykivnia (Ukrainian: Биківня, Russian: Быковня, Polish: Bykownia) is a former small village on the outskirts of Kiev, Ukraine, that was incorporated into the city in 1923.

During the Stalinist period in the Soviet Union, it was one of the sites where the NKVD had buried thousands of executed, real or alleged enemies of the Soviet power. The number of bodies buried there varies from source to source between &quot;several dozen thousand,&quot;[1] 30,000,[2] 100,000[3] and 120,000,[4] though some estimates place the number as high as 200,000[5][6] or even 225,000.[4]

From the early 1920s until late 1940s through the Stalinist purges, the Soviet government hauled the bodies of tortured and killed political prisoners to the pine forests outside the village of Bykivnia and buried them in a grave that spanned 161,500 square feet (15,000 m2). So far 210 mass graves have been identified by Polish and Ukrainian archaeologists working at the site. During the Soviet retreat in the early stages of the Operation Barbarossa, the retreating Soviet troops leveled the village to the ground. The mass grave site was discovered by the Germans along with many other such sites throughout Ukraine.

It was widely believed that, apart from the Soviet victims of the Great Terror, the site might be the final resting place of 3,435 Polish officers captured by the Soviets during the German and Soviet invasion of Poland of 1939, and executed in the spring of 1940 in the Katyn massacre, among over 20,000 Polish officers and intellectuals.[1]

Since 2006 Polish researchers have found a number of bodies of Poles, prisoners killed in spring 1940 during the Katyn massacre. Apart from bodies, Polish researchers found everyday use things, such as a comb, on which the owner, an unknown Polish officer, carved several names, such as Franciszek Strzelecki, Ludwik Dworak and Szczyrad... (this potentially might be referring to Colonel Bronis&amp;#322;aw Miko&amp;#322;aj Szczyrad&amp;#322;owski, deputy of commandant of Lviv's defense in September 1939). Also, a dog tag belonging to Sergeant J&amp;#243;zef Naglik, soldier of the Skalat Battalion of the Border Defence Corps, was found on the spot. All the names belong to the &quot;Ukrainian list&quot; of Katyn massacre victims and serve as proof that Bykivnya is connected to the Katyn crime.[1]

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Anonymous April 16, 2010, 2:34 p.m.    

There are many Bykivnia's in Ukraine. One notable and documented case is the bolshevik massacre of upwards of 9,000 residents at Vinnytsia, just east of Ternopil.

See:

THE TRAGEDY OF VINNYTSIA, (Ihor Kamenetsky, Ed.)

http://www.xoxol.org/putin/kamenetsky-full.pdf

and

VINNYTSIA: FORGOTTEN HOLOCAUST, by Anthony Dragan

http://www.xoxol.org/putin/vin-bw-300dpi.pdf

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Anonymous April 16, 2010, 8:35 a.m.    

Poland sent COLONISTS to displace Ukrainians under Polish occupation and Russia sent COLONISTS to displace Ukrainians under Russian occupation. According to Raphael Lemkin the originator of the term &quot;genocide&quot; -the Polish and Russian anti-Ukrainian campaigns are the 4th stage of Genocide! Any resistance to this is HEROIC!

Slava Bandera!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

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Anonymous April 18, 2010, 9:21 p.m.    

BS! Here is how the fourth stage of genocide is explained:

&quot;4. Organization - Genocide is always well planned and well organized. Whether it is the government, militias, or hate groups doing the organizing, planning is done at this point. This stage may take a long or short period of time depending on who and where the organizing is taking place. For example, the planning stage in Nazi-Germany occurred over several years, while in Rwanda only months. At this point, those that will carry out the massacres and other atrocities are trained and mobilized. Whether they be death squads, militias, or national armies, extremists train their followers on how the massacres will unfold and what instruments will be used to carry these atrocities out. The Organization Stage is almost always done in secret.&quot;

1) No one occupied Ukraine, as there was no such state as Ukraine before 1990.

2) No one want to displace ethnic Ukrainians.

Stop lying!

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Anonymous April 18, 2010, 10:34 p.m.    

Your comment is a classic comment for a useful idiot. Or, a paid kremlin propagandist?

FAMOUS ESSAY by Rafael Lemkin, New York, NY, 1953:

The fourth step in the process consisted in the fragmentation of the Ukrainian people at once by the addition to Ukraine of foreign peoples and by the dispersion of the Ukrainians throughout Eastern Europe. In this way, ethnic unity would be destroyed and nationalities mixed. Between 1920 and 1939, the population of Ukraine changed from 80 percent Ukrainian to only 63 percent.[8] In the face of famine and deportation, the Ukrainian population had declined absolutely from 23.2 million to 19.6 million, while the non-Ukrainian population had increased by 5.6 million. When we consider that Ukraine once had the highest rate of population increase in Europe, around 800,000 per year, it is easy to see that the Russian policy has been accomplished.

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Anonymous April 18, 2010, 11:16 p.m.    

You write lies and state &quot;Stop lying!&quot; ??

@1) No one occupied Ukraine, as there was no such state as Ukraine before 1990.

&gt;&gt; 1708 muscovy changes their name to russian empire.

&gt;&gt;1710 Pacta et Constitutiones Legum Libertatumque Exercitus Zaporoviensis) was a 1710 constitutional document written by Hetman Pylyp Orlyk. It established a democratic standard for the separation of powers in government between the legislative, executive, and judiciary branches, well before the publication of Montesquieu's Spirit of the Laws. The Constitution also limited the executive authority of the hetman, and established a democratically elected Cossack parliament called the General Council.

Pylyp Orlyk's Constitution was unique for its historic period, and was one of the first state constitutions in Europe.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitution_of_Pylyp_Orlyk

This document gained recognition as a serious document, and served as a blueprint for future constitutional designs.

Articles 1-3 dealt with general Ukrainian affairs. They proclaimed the Orthodox faith to be the faith of Ukraine, and independent of the patriarch of Moscow. The articles also recognized the need for an anti-Russian alliance between Ukraine and the Crimean Khanate.

&gt;&gt; 1720. Peter I’s ukase banning the publication and printing of books in Ukrainian.

It began centuries earlier when Peter the First - I will not call him Great - decided to create an Empire by inventing the Myth of Russia. In order to turn his frozen back woods outposts into a credible empire, he needed a history, and a church to bless it.

Ukraine had all that -- so he conquered it. Ukrainian history became Russian history. The head of the Ukrainian Church was arrested, marched off to Moscow and declared to be to head of the Russian Church. Suddenly, Russia had an empire, a history and a church to bless it all.

The only problem was those pesky Ukrainians who just wouldn't cooperate and become Russian. That began a centuries long effort by Russia to destroy the Ukrainian nation and Ukrainian national identity.

&gt;&gt; 1917 After expelling the government forces, the Rada announced an autonomous Ukrainian Republic, still maintaining ties to Russia, on November 22, 1917.

&gt;&gt; 1918 On January 25, 1918, the Tsentralna Rada issued its Fourth Universal (dated January 22, 1918), breaking ties with Bolshevik Russia and proclaiming a sovereign Ukrainian state.

&gt;&gt; 1918 Metropolitan Vladimir of Kiev was one of the very first victims of the red terror. He died in Kiev on 25 January 1918. In the evening of that date five armed red army soldiers arrived at the Kiev caves lavra and dragged the metropolitan outside the walls and shot him. Before he was shot the Master, having prayed, blessed the murderers. At the place of his execution Kievan pilgrims quickly began to gather.

Summary executions of Ukrainian civilians in Kyiv by the cutthroats led by Soviet commander Mikhail Muravev simply because they spoke Ukrainian and some were wearing Ukrainian embroidered shirts (1918).

&gt;&gt; 1918 The West Ukrainian People's Republic was proclaimed on November 1st, 1918.

Map:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:West_ukraine.png

&gt;&gt; 1920 The draft Constitution of UNR in 1920 reads:

«Article 10. The national colors of the Ukrainian state are colored blue and yellow

Colors were interpreted as follows: blue - clear sky, a symbol of peace, yellow - wheat field, a symbol of wealth in Ukraine. At various times, the order of the colors changed. Historically blue and yellow.

&gt;&gt; 1920's The kremlin closes or destroys all churches in UKRAINE and kills about 10,000 UKRAINIAN priests and clergy.

&gt;&gt; 1939 On March 15 Carpatho-Ukraine declared its independence, based on the condition of autonomy according to the 1919 Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye, as the &quot;Republic of Carpatho-Ukraine&quot;, with the Reverend Avhustyn Voloshyn as head of state.

&quot;The First Constitutional Law of Carpatho-Ukraine&quot; of March 15, 1939 defined the new status of the country as follows:

1. Carpatho-Ukraine is an independent state.

2. The name of the state is: Carpatho-Ukraine.

3. Carpatho-Ukraine is a republic, headed by a president elected by the Sojm of Carpatho-Ukraine.

4. The state language of Carpatho-Ukraine is the Ukrainian language.

5. The colors of the national flag of the Carpatho-Ukraine are blue and yellow, blue on top and yellow on the bottom.

6. The state emblem of Carpatho-Ukraine is as follows: a bear on a red field on the sinister side, four blue and three yellow stripes on the dexter side, as well as the trident of Saint Volodymyr the Great.

7. The national anthem of Carpatho-Ukraine is &quot;Sche ne vmerla Ukraina&quot; (&quot;Ukraine has not perished&quot;).

8. This act comes valid immediately after its promulgation.

9. map:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Carpatho_Ukraine_March_1939.png

10. The Ukrainian battle against the Nazi supported Hungarians' attack on Carpatho-Ukraine may be considered the first battle of WWII. Though the Carpatho-Ukraine formally had its own armed forces (its national self-defense organization – the Zakarpatzka Sich – was formed on November 9, 1938) it did not have the potential to repel the Hungarian aggression backed by the fascist Germany. To make things worse, the army of Czechoslovakia rendered practically no resistance to the advancing Hungarian forces, largely because Czechoslovakia no longer existed as a sovereign country. On March 15-18 its troops were withdrawing from the Carpatho-Ukraine territories without fighting, leaving the poorly armed Ukrainians to face the adversary alone.

11. Both Hitler and Stain temporarily closed the Ukrainian “question” in 1938—1939. Hitler again duped the Western democracies and deliberately provoked a fuss over Ukraine as a disguise. Then he finally seized Czechoslovakia, which was humiliated by the 1938 Munich treachery, without a single gunshot in March 1939, dismembered the ill-fated country, and reached the strategic border of the now doomed Poland - leaving Carpatho-Ukraine to the tender mercies of Hungary in exchange for the Hungarian dictator Mikl s Horthy joining the Axis on Feb. 29, 1939.

PS I could write much more facts. Read some books that were not written by the kremlin.

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Anonymous April 19, 2010, 12:08 a.m.    

You write lies and state &quot;Stop lying!&quot; ??

@ 2) No one want to displace ethnic Ukrainians.

What do you call that millions of Ukrainians that the kremlin sent to the gulags and to build the infrastructure for russia?

&gt;&gt; 1930’s [+ or -] Most Ukrainians have had relatives in the gulags! There were about 18,000,000++ people sent to the gulags, and some of the camps were 90% Ukrainian! You do the math. HOLODOMOR was not the only GENOCIDE orchestrated by the kremlin against the Ukrainians! In their continuing GENOCIDE of the Ukrainian people, culture and language, they called Ukrainians “ENEMY OF THE PEOPLE”, rather than Ukrainians, to rationalize their GENOCIDE of the Ukrainian people. Or, the kremlin called Ukrainians “kulaks”, in order to exterminate {PRONOUNCED GENOCIDE} the Ukrainians.

My 90% figure comes from a book “ZA POLYRNYM KOLOM”, Lviv-Poltava, 2001.

(p169) - The White Sea – Baltic Canal … will always be associated with the destruction and sufferings of banished “enemies of the state” from Ukraine.

Excerpts from “Human Life in Russia” by Ewald Ammende (1935)

Although more than three decades have passed since the winter of 1974, when unbound, hand-typed samizdat versions of Alexander Solzhenitsyn's &quot;The Gulag Archipelago&quot; began circulating in what used to be the Soviet Union, the emotions they stirred remain today. Usually, readers were given only 24 hours to finish the lengthy manuscript -- the first-ever historical account of the Soviet concentration camp system -- before it had to be passed on to the next person. That meant spending an entire day and night absorbed in Solzhenitsyn's sometimes eloquent, sometimes angry prose, not an experience anyone was likely to forget. With the publication in the late 1960s and 1970s of the works of Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, the world became aware that the Soviet regime used camps (gulags) to repress dissidents who might be imprisoned for as much as twenty years.

The transit death rate of Ukrainians in winter deportation to the gulags, in cattle cars, was reported as high as 50%; and about 33% died in the gulags.

http://www.hawaii.edu/powerkills/USSR.TAB1B.GIF

The last prisoners sentenced according to the political paragraphs of the criminal code were quietly released in 1989. The exact number of Soviet citizens who went through the camp system will never be known, especially as key documentation was deliberately destroyed as the USSR was collapsing. Figures apparently compiled by the Gulag administration itself, and released by Soviet historians in 1989, show that a total of 10 million people were sent to the camps in the period from 1934 to 1947. The true figures remain unknown. Western estimates of the total number of deaths in the Gulag in the period from 1918 to 1956 range from 15 to 30 million.[5]

Gulag. (2008). Encyclop&amp;#230;dia Britannica. Encyclop&amp;#230;dia Britannica 2007 Ultimate Reference Suite. Chicago: Encyclop&amp;#230;dia Britannica.

PS Several of my family members were sent to the gulags. Most of them were Ukrainian teenage girls. None of them were able to give birth when they returned. If you can think, then you can figure out the reasons. [I would explain, but vulgar language is not allowed in this forum.] How many Ukrainian children missed the opportunity to be born in Ukraine?

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Anonymous April 16, 2010, 7:58 p.m.    

Stephen, no matter what the &quot;world&quot; says about your grandfather or what the current president of Ukraine says or does, your grandfather he will always be a hero to the Ukrainian people, both in Ukraine and in the diaspora, for his historic role in fighting, along with Shukhevych and the UPA, against the invaders of Ukraine during WW II. Ukrainian history, as written by Ukrainians and not by foreigners and Ukrainophobes, will always hold up your grandfather as a true Hero of Ukraine.

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Anonymous April 17, 2010, 12:43 a.m.    

Back to the trash bin of the history convicted war criminal Banduga and his nazi sidekicks go for great laugh of the civilized humanity, heh, heh, heh :D

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Anonymous April 18, 2010, 9:14 a.m.    

Did you and your fellow kremlin stooges convict Bandera?

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Anonymous April 17, 2010, 7 a.m.    

Bandera and his banderovskas were a bunch of Fascist Nazi collaborators and Ukrainian Nationalsists in the worst sense of the word, meaning is you were a Jew or a Russian or anything but a Urainian, you had no right to live. He was a mass murderer and should never have been given hero status in the first place. He should be removed in disgrace for moral reasons , not for a technicality. That shows how morally bankrupt are both sides of the political spectrum in Ukraine today.

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Anonymous April 18, 2010, 12:03 a.m.    

Koch, as a member of the superior German Herrenvolk master race, started a reign of terror and oppression in Ukraine. Koch often said that the Ukrainian people were inferior to the Germans, that Ukrainians were half-monkeys, and that Ukrainians &quot;must be handled with the whip like the negroes.&quot; He once said that &quot;no German soldiers would die for these niggers [Ukrainians].&quot;

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Anonymous April 20, 2010, 5:45 a.m.    

How were they fascists? Stalin and his soviet mass murderers more closely fit the definition

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Anonymous April 17, 2010, 10:14 a.m.    

When I was visiting Donetsk in 2002 there was a green kangaroo on Artema street near the Chapel.

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Anonymous April 17, 2010, 10:20 a.m.    

The real coward was Yushchenko who knowing he had lost the presidency unilaterally decreed Bandera a Hero of Ukraine. No proper process of accreditation or review. Yushchenko by his actions had brought Ukraine and his presidency into international disrepute. followed by Stepan Bandera , grandson who seeks to defend his families dubious honour.

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Anonymous April 18, 2010, 11:45 p.m.    

Bandera is a Ukrainian hero without Yushchenko's award.

By awarding Bandera the award Yushchenko has put Bandera into the spotlight and is now requiring the world to look into Bandera's life and discovering the real Bandera and why he is considered a hero by all ETHNIC Ukrainians. Soon he will not only be a hero in Ukraine, but also in the world because he was a true freedom fighter who fought against all totalitarian states during WW II including those that the West at that time was still befriending in their fight against one of them.

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Anonymous April 18, 2010, 1:11 a.m.    

It should be mentioned that an attempt was made to establish a Ukrainian government. On June 30, 1941 the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) headed by Stepan Bandera took the Germans by surprise by announcing the establishment of a new independent Government of Ukraine with Yaroslav Stetsko as Prime Minister. About one week later the Germans disbanded this government and arrested the members. Bandera and Stetsko were sent to Sachsenhausen Prison in Germany where they spent the war.

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Anonymous April 20, 2010, 10:13 a.m.    

From the Ukraine Einsatzkommando 6 of Einsatzgruppe C reported as follows:

Almost nowhere can the population be persuaded to take active steps against the Jews.

Einsatzkommando 6 on several occasions marched Jews before their execution through the city. Also, care was taken to have Ukrainian militiamen watch the shooting of Jews.

This &quot;deflation&quot; of the Jews in the public eye did not have the desired effect. After a few weeks, Einsatzgruppe C complained once more that the inhabitants did not betray the movements of hidden Jews. The Ukrainians were passive, benumbed by the &quot;Bolshevist terror.&quot; Only the ethnic Germans in the area were busily working for the Einsatzgruppe. (Raul Hilberg, The Destruction of the European Jews, 1961, p. 202)

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Anonymous April 18, 2010, 9:01 p.m.    

Incredible how many Ukrainophobes there are out there who are willing to continue to spread lies about a Ukrainian hero, lies perpetrated by the Kremlin, who murdered him in cold blood during the Cold War using one of their spies in Munich, Germany.

The Russians have now come clean about Katyn, now it is time for them to come clean about the atrocities and murders committed by their predecessors towards Ukrainians as well.

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Anonymous April 19, 2010, 2:09 a.m.    

Those, who do not know history act exactly like this, but there is a good russian proverb: don't find faults with fools!

I'm impressed by the article, you are a real grandson &amp; your grandfather would be proud of you!

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Anonymous April 19, 2010, 2:48 a.m.    

&quot;Bandera's 'heroism'&quot; - LOL!!!! :)

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Anonymous April 20, 2010, 5:43 a.m.    

Your &quot;profound statement&quot; - LOL!!! : )

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Anonymous April 19, 2010, 4:14 a.m.    

I do not agree that Bandera was a Hero of Ukraine. I do believe that he was a Ukrainian patriot, although a misguided military strategist. He had no other country in Europe willing to back him up and offer help or even willing to acknowledge Ukrainian independence. This was not new as it occurred in 1917 also and even in 1991 the U.S. did not want to acknowledge Ukrainian independence until practically the whole world did. As well Bandera was hopelessly naive to think even for a moment that Hitler would keep his promise for Ukrainian independence. Bandera should have read Mein Kampf in which Hitler spelled out clearly that Ukrainians would become a slave people. At least all the young, healthy ones would while the old and crippled would be killed. What Hitler had in store for Ukraine was far worse than what he had in store for the Jews. At least he gave the Jews a chance to leave Germany or forfeit their lives. The fact that they did not believe him was their problem as that man never joked around.

What was a shame was that Bandera's family has seen this hero business as a compliment while it was the exact opposite. It was a crass move by the crass Yuschenko to glorify himself as some savior to the Ukrainian people and hope it gained for him support in Western Ukraine. And unfortunately for the gullible Western Ukrainians it did. I say unfortunately because in still believing this terrible Yuschenko and following his instructions to not vote for Tymoshenko who lost the 4.9% in Western Ukraine who abstained from voting, we now have the criminal Yanukovich who his hell bent on destroying Ukraine along with his henchmen Azarov, Chornovil, Tabachnyk, etc, etc. And Yuschenko used the Bandera card for his own political aims although the man must be insane to think he has any future in politics even in Western Ukraine.

So I think Bandera's family should be very upset with Yuschenko for using him. Because Bandera was certainly not a Nazi but a man out of his depth who was not thinking clearly. What he did played into the hands of our enemies who are using it to this day to sully Ukrainians.

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Anonymous April 19, 2010, 3:49 p.m.    

Bandera served Hitler. He has never been Ukrainian. Neither is his grandson, or whoever he claims to be.

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Anonymous May 6, 2010, 3:56 a.m.    

Before you post nonsensical comments, you should be proud of what is happening in russia in the 21st century under putin:

The video shows two men kneeling on the ground in a forest, their arms and legs bound. Behind them hangs a large flag with a Nazi swastika.

A third man beheads one of the captives with a knife, a disturbing scene that lasts a full 90 seconds. The second captive is shot in the head and drops forward into a freshly dug grave.

Two masked russians then raise their arms in a Nazi salute.

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Anonymous May 6, 2010, 4:55 a.m.    

Russian Nazis on the Warpath

November 5, 2009 · 20 Comments

The organizers of the Moscow meeting, the Sobkorr.ru reporters said, were the DPNI, the Slavic Union, the Resistance Movement, “and other nationalistic organizations.” The participants shouted out slogans like “A Russian Order for Russia,” “A Russian Power for Russia,” and “Glory to Russia,” and at least some carried Nazi flags.

Why is Nazism, Fascism and Racism so popular in Russia? Don’t these Russians racist idiots who are spouting inane Fascist slogans aware of how many of their people were killed by “Nazis” and “Fascists”?

Russian racists and nationalists never cease to scream obscenities and threats at Africans, Muslims, Chinese, etc. And shout out “Russia for the Russians”. But these Russian racists and nationalists have nothing to say about their “brethren” in the Baltic states? Surely Estonia should be for Estonians, Latvia for Latvians, and Lithuania for Lithuanians?

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Anonymous May 14, 2010, 12:15 a.m.    

Barbaric Russia, on the Rampage

April 22, 2010 · 18 Comments

The Moscow Times reports:

Young people who gathered to celebrate spring by blowing bubbles at an annual flash mob in central St. Petersburg were attacked by a group of suspected neo-Nazis who mistook the gathering for a gay pride event, flash mob organizers said.

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