BISHKEK - Kyrgyzstan's coalition government collapsed on Wednesday, Aug. 22, after two parties withdrew in protest over a shrinking economy and alleged corruption in the volatile former Soviet republic.
As they left the four-party coalition that has governed the
impoverished Central Asian country since December, deputies from
the Ata-Meken and Ar-Namys factions called on Prime Minister
Omurbek Babanov to resign.
“Not a single reform declared by the prime minister has been
carried through to its conclusion,” Ata-Meken deputies said in a
joint statement announcing their withdrawal from the coalition.
They also accused Babanov of failing to clean up corruption and
of using “shadowy” organisations to handle money.
A parliamentary democracy unique in Central Asia,
Kyrgyzstan’s new model of government is backed by the United
States but viewed with suspicion by former imperial master
Russia. Both countries have military air bases in the country.
The move may trigger a prolonged period of political turmoil
with Ata-Meken deputies warning that Kyrgyzstan risked
defaulting on its foreign debt, which stands at $2.8 billion, or
more than half of its gross domestic product.
Although the split leaves Babanov’s Respublika party and
President Almazbek Atambayev’s Social-Democratic Party of
Kyrgyzstan without the majority to form a government, there was
disagreement about what happens next.
Some officials said it automatically triggered the fall of
the government, meaning cabinet ministers would work in an
acting capacity pending the formation of a new coalition, but
Babanov’s office said a ruling from the president was required.
Babanov’s spokesman, Sultan Kanazarov, denied all
allegations of impropriety against the prime minister and the
government and said deputies should have organised a debate in
parliament about their concerns.
“Deputies are free to say anything. If there were any
documents saying the law had been broken, they could have
presented them to law-enforcement agencies,” he said. “If you
think the government isn’t working, show us an alternative way.”
The coalition was formed after the election last year of
President Atambayev, the first peaceful transfer of the
presidency since the country’s independence two decades ago.
The coalition had united four of the five parties in
parliament and comprised 91 of 120 deputies.
“The disadvantages of this system are the constant scandals,
resignations and crises,” said political analyst Kadyr Malikov.
“We have a personnel crisis and we’re heading towards a national
The economy in Kyrgyzstan, a mainly Muslim country of 5.5
million, relies heavily on production from the Kumtor gold mine,
the flagship asset of Canadian miner Centerra Gold, and
remittances from hundreds of thousands of migrant workers.
Weak economic governance and a high level of perceived
corruption are seen as key hurdles to development in Kyrgyzstan,
which lies along a major drug trafficking route from Afghanistan
and has suffered periodic bouts of ethnic violence.
Though the country is seeking to develop untapped mineral
deposits, its reliance on Kumtor – where output has fallen this
year – contributed to a 5 percentage-point contraction in gross
domestic product in the first seven months of this year.