MOSCOW - Russian arms exports reached a record $14 billion in 2012, President Vladimir Putin said, and India, Algeria and Vietnam remain the biggest buyers, Kommersant reported on Tuesday.
However, the leading buyers were joined by Iraq, which entered into a
contract to buy 42 Pantsir-S1 air defense systems and 30 Mi-28NE combat
helicopters worth a total of $4.2 billion, or about 30% of all
contracts, the paper reported.
The paper said the figure of $14 billion was reached in part because
the financial year closed with the inclusion of profits from the $2.33
billion contract with India to modernize the Admiral Gorshkov
(Vikramaditya) aircraft carrier. However, due to problems identified in
sea trials, the carrier will only be delivered in the fourth quarter of
Not including the delayed delivery of the carrier, Russian arms
export revenues totaled about $11.7 billion in 2012, the paper said.
The contract with Iraq has also run into problems. The adviser to
Iraq’s prime minister, Al Mousavi said on November 10 that the deal has
been annulled due to suspicions of corruption.
Moscow immediately officially asked Baghdad to clarify the situation,
but has still not received a response, Kommersant said. “It’s possible
that this deal will be frozen for some time, because we need to
understand how serious our partners’ intentions are. They first need to
sort things out among themselves,” the paper cited a source as saying.
Citing sources in Russia’s system of military and technical
cooperation, the paper said little had actually changed in the sector
compared to last year. The overall order book is still about $40
billion, down from $50 billion in 2010.
“Our portfolio of orders will remain at this level for three-four
years. The future is not rosy. In the absence of really big contracts,
like for example the ones concluded with Algeria in 2006 ($7.5 billion),
the portfolio could shrink by up to half,” the paper quoted a source
close to the Federal Military and Technical Cooperation Service as
Nonetheless, the breakdown of exports changed slightly in 2012,
Kommersant said. Aircraft accounted for 37% of all contracts secured
this year, up from 34% in 2011; naval hardware edged up to 21% from 20%;
air defense systems rose to 25% from 20%; ground forces hardware fell
to 10% from 21%; and other contracts made up 7%, up from 5%.
Meanwhile, the future of military and technical cooperation between
Russia and Libya is up in the air, and Russia has not managed to enter
the markets of Angola and Nigeria, the paper said, citing a source in
However, Russia might begin specific negotiations on ground forces
hardware and aircraft with the military of Equatorial Guinea in 2013, he
As for China, with which Moscow signed a $700 million contract this
year for 140 AL-31F aircraft engines, Kommersant reported that Beijing
is still trying to persuade Russia to sell it one division (eight units)
of the S-400 Triumf anti-aircraft weapon systems. However, Russia’s
Defense Ministry and Federal Security Service still oppose the deal.
“The Chinese need technical elements of this system in order to
develop their own equivalents on their basis. Selling the systems before
our military has them in the necessary numbers is suicide,” the paper
quoted its source as saying.
There is also an impasse with Su-35 fighter jets. China wants to buy a
minimum batch of 12, but Russia is insisting on 30 jets and setting up
joint production, the paper said.
The paper, citing its sources, also said that servicing of military
hardware in Russia remained at a low level. Improving this situation
will become a priority for Russian military and technical cooperation
next year, the paper said.