In response, however, some are promoting new legislation to improve the accountability and transparency of campaign financing in the future.
The gap is huge between what candidates and parties declare they spent versus what is really spent, according to a survey by Opora, a non-governmental election monitoring group.
“Candidates’ spending was several times more than the income they reported in their 2011 tax declarations. Also, candidates didn’t use (small donations from people), so the source of funding is extremely obscure,” Opora’s report says about the constituencies it monitored. “It gives grounds for corruption (once the candidates get elected).”