The deal marks the end of technical work to draw up an association agreement, including what the EU calls a "deep and comprehensive" free trade agreement.
This covers trade in goods and services, investment and movement of capital, as well as areas such as intellectual property, a senior EU official said on March 29. It requires Ukraine to adopt many EU regulations.
The 27 EU governments and the European Parliament have to sign the accord before it comes into force. That is currently unlikely because of EU concern about the former Soviet country’s judicial system, the arrest of opposition leaders and the perceived absence of free and fair elections.