However, the renaming triggered the historical debate between those who regard Bandera, who lived from 1909 to 1959, as a national hero vs. those who regard the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists leader as a pro-Nazi figure, despite the fact he spent most of World War II in a Nazi prison and was assassinated in Germany by a KGB agent.
Also, critics argue that the timing of the decision was lousy, coming as it did a day before the NATO Summit in Warsaw on July 8.
In Poland, Bandera is condemned for being a militant ideologue of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists, which briefly cooperated with Nazi Germany during World War II. Historians don’t have a single opinion on whether Bandera himself ever cooperated with the Nazis. His supporters in Ukraine argue that he fought all foreign repression, including Polish, German and Soviet.