Ukrainians still have trouble getting into Europe as visas remain difficult to obtain. The number of refusals is high and the process is expensive and time-consuming, including long lines outside some consulates. Some embassies turn down up to a quarter of the applicants, often for no obvious reason.
“Those [European] countries could be protecting their labor market, using not legal, but rather discriminating methods. But we don’t know reasons for the refusals. We can only guess,” said Iryna Sushko, manager of Europe Without Barriers, a consortium of non-governmental organizations on visa policy of European Union countries.
There is an estimated 4.5 million Ukrainians working abroad, many illegally.