Egyptian state television showed the 83-year-old Mubarak covered by a green blanket and lying on a hospital gurney when he was brought from a helicopter and taken to an ambulance for the short ride to the courthouse. He remained on the gurney throughout the hearing and spoke only once to say "present" when Judge Ahmed Rifaat called out his name at the start of the session.
Mubarak is charged with complicity in the killing of more than 800 protesters in the crackdown on a popular uprising in January and February that forced him out of office. He could face the death penalty if convicted. He has been under arrest since April, but he has never gone to prison and instead has been confined to hospitals. His lawyers and doctors say he is suffering from heart ailments.
Mubarak and his two sons, who are in prison, also face corruption charges in the same case.