It was the first time that any of the Soviet-backed
Hungarian leaders of the time had been pursued in law for the
crackdown, which began with a Soviet invasion.
Bela Biszku, 90, was detained on suspicion of war crimes for
having directly supervised a Military Council that ordered the
shootings of civilians during protests in Budapest and in the
eastern Hungarian town of Salgotarjan in December 1956.
Large numbers of civilians were killed in the backlash
against the uprising, whose figurehead Imre Nagy was executed
for treason for establishing a government in defiance of
Moscow’s rule over eastern Europe.