Familiar themes for those who lived through 2011, and investors should be ready to revisit them next year.
With a spiraling debt crisis in Europe, political upheaval around the world, and crumbling creditworthiness in major industrial nations, 2011 was a tough year to know where to invest. 2012 is unlikely to offer much respite.
The S&P 500, a measure of the biggest U.S. companies’ market value, spent much of the year getting pushed up and down, flummoxing shorts and longs — and scaring moms and pops away from stocks. It ended 2011 at 1,257.60, down 0.04 of a point.