It is important to understand that the Association Agreement and the DCFTA will not take effect until several further steps have happened.
Until then, these agreements cannot give Ukraine the foundations for long-term reform and economic growth for which they are designed. Some of the steps are technical; others are political. To take them in turn:
(i) initialling the agreement. This is a technical process which does not require a political decision. Together with lawyers, translators and other experts going through the agreed texts to make sure that there is no scope for uncertainty or difference about what has been agreed, this process is likely to take a number of months.