Many died during the roughshod process. The authorities were discriminate enough to single out intellectuals and clergy who were then incarcerated in the Jawozno concentration camp. Many were tortured and later died in the camp. The resettlement directives for the general Ukrainian populace was very specific: no more than a 10 percent concentration of Ukrainians could constitute the population of any urban or rural location.
Some Poles even recently have tried to justify “Akciya Visla” as retribution for the Ukrainian-Polish massacres in Volyn in 1943.
Others have pointed to the ethnographic Ukrainian lands such as Lemkivschyna and others, which were made a part of Communist Poland and continue as part of the Polish Republic today, serving as the main base of operation for the Ukrainian Insurgent Army in the post-World War II period.