The US funded the most successful publishing and research operation in the Ukrainian diaspora throughout the Cold War. Washington did the same with the Paris-based Instytut Literackie, which was the publisher of Kultura magazine. Washington therefore supported the two most influential and intellectual magazines in the Polish and Ukrainian diasporas – Kultura and Suchasnist respectively.
This story begins in 1944 when representatives from the UHVR (Ukrainian Supreme Liberation Council), one of whom is the legendary Mykola Lebed, are sent to Western Europe to establish contact with the allies. UHVR was established by the underground OUNb (Organisation Ukrainian Nationalists, Stepan Bandera) in Ukraine as an umbrella political body.
One outcome of cooperation between zpUHVR and Western allies were the parachuting of couriers into Ukraine until the early 1950s.They were largely ineffective due to Soviet spies in British intelligence and OUNb. By the early 1950s, the Ukrainian nationalist underground had been defeated.