The newly independent state faced formidable challenges. Would the Russophone east split from the European-looking west, or would Ukraine develop a national identity that took into account regional differences? Equally important, could Ukraine break the hold of its post-Soviet elite and create a viable democracy and market economy? Would Ukraine’s de jure independence become de facto independence?
John E. Herbst, Steven Pifer, William Taylor: Ukraine at 25
Photo by Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko (R) raises a flag during National Flag Day celebrations in Kyiv on August 23, 2016, a day before 25th anniversary of Ukrainian independence.