Servicemen walk next to the flag-draped coffin of a Kremlin-backed separatist commander Mikhail Tolstykh, whose nom de guerre was "Givi", during his funeral ceremony in the eastern Ukrainian city of Donetsk on Feb. 10, 2017.
Photo by AFP
The Donetsk People's Republic (DPR) and Luhansk People's Republic (LPR) are self-proclaimed entities that emerged in spring 2014 in eastern Ukraine thanks to massive Russian support. Ukraine's attempts to retake them in spring and summer 2014 were stopped by a full-scale Russian military offensive that August. This more or less fixed the demarcation line between Ukrainian government-controlled territory and the pro-Russian separatist-controlled area under the Minsk agreements. Since then, the so-called DPR and LPR have had their own political institutions and economies dependent on Russian supplies and currency.
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