The period of President Yanukovych’s presidency, from early 2010 until now, has already produced enough concrete action on which to judge the governing regime’s impact on democracy in Ukraine. There are five areas in which democratic regression has been identified: political freedoms, judicial independence, constitutional reform, freedom of speech and relationships with the international community.
Level of political freedom
Freedom House, a U.S.-based non-governmental organization that conducts research and performs advocacy in the area of global democratic development, reports that in 2011 Ukraine took a huge step backwards with respect to political rights. The organization’s experts cite pressure on opposition, the politicization of the courts, encroachment upon freedom of speech and repression against protesters among the principal indicators.