The proclamation was read by the head of the temporary government Jaroslaw Stetsko. The Germans insisted that Stetsko rescind the proclamation. When he refused he was arrested, incarcerated, sent first to Berlin, then to the Saksenhausen concentration camp, where he spent most of the war years like his leader and colleague, Stepan Bandera.
After the war, Stetsko headed the Anti-Bolshevik Bloc of Nations, an international structure composed of leaders of the many nations that had fallen captive to the USSR. From 1968 for almost 20 years, Stetsko headed the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (Stepan Bandera faction). Perhaps his greatest accomplishment was that he managed to place the struggle against the USSR and the evils of communism on the international agenda.
Stetsko was the subject of much Soviet propaganda. Beginning with the late 1960s in such books as “Hopeful of Foreign Bayonets,” “Mouthpieces of the Cold War” in the 1970s, and newspapers such as “News from Ukraine,” “Literary Ukraine,” and the satirical journal “Pepper” throughout, Stetsko was branded a bourgeois Ukrainian nationalist, a war criminal, a warmonger, an imperialist Western agent and even a Zionist advocate.