It seems that the Kyiv Post’s relationship with the
pro-presidential Party of Regions would be a good illustration of the struggle
that goes on behind the scenes to get to the original sources and our inability
at times to do so.
As the campaign kicked off for the Oct. 28
parliamentary election, the Kyiv Post editorial staff made a list of priorities
for political coverage in the months coming up to election. Talking to the
leaders of major political forces was very high on that list, and so we
Of the leaders of top five parties capable of making
it to parliament, Natalya Korolevska was the first person who agreed to talk to
us. Arseniy Yatseniuk, whose press service had previously demanded to see the
story before it was published, eventually conceded to giving us an interview
with no strings attached. Vitali Klitschko has invited us on the campaign
No such luck with the Communists and the Party of
Regions. Communist Party leader Petro Symonenko and his underlings simply
refused to talk to the Kyiv Post, seeing no benefit in it. The Party of
Regions, however, is negotiating.
The Regions’ formal leader, Prime Minister Mykola Azarov
talked to us last November, so the chances of interviewing him again anytime
soon are remote. Instead, we knocked on the door of most of top 10 candidates
on the party list, only to find ourselves in a Kafkaesque situation of going
round in circles.
Oleksandr Yefremov, leader of the Regions’ faction,
was the first on our list. His spokeswoman Olesya Chepurna demanded to see the
text of the interview before publication. The Kyiv Post, unlike many news
organizations in Ukraine, regards pre-publication review by anybody other than
journalists as an infringement on our editorial independence.
Kyiv Post reporter Denis Rafalsky, who negotiated for
the interview, told her that Azarov did not review the story before
publications. Surprised, Chepurna did some fact-checking and realized it was
indeed the case.
Then for weeks, we were hearing “come tomorrow,” which
eventually ended with a refusal. We have approached presidential adviser Iryna
Akimova, ambassador Leonid Kozhara, chief of headquarters Andriy Klyuev and his
deputy Volodymyr Rybak with the same request and have gotten nowhere. Deputy
Prime Minister Valeriy Khoroshkovskiy (who is not running for the Rada)
promised us an interview in Yalta, only to back off in Kyiv on the agreed date.
Representatives of the
government and the Party of Regions are either too
busy to talk to us, or don’t want to do it for a number of reasons. The same
thing happens when we try to solicit op-eds. While representatives of the
opposition immediately jump at the opportunity to present their point of view,
Party of Regions speakers often don’t even bother to call back or even reply to
Those few younger people who are entitled to speak and
have something to say, like the president’s representative in parliament, Yuriy
Miroshnychenko and deputy Olena Bondarenko, are often too over-worked to write
and not senior enough to form and affect the Regions’ policies.
Worse still, the number of speakers in the Party of
Regions is amazingly small, considering the size of the political force and the
impact it has on the nation. This is a real problem for the media, and no
amount of spin from foreign consultants has managed to fix it over the last few
It is partly because of a shortage of speakers that
the Regions seem to have an idea that they can talk to the press on their terms
and even dictate our editorial policy. Chepurna, the Regions’
spokeswoman, told our journalist Oksana Grytsenko that faction leader Yefremov
won’t talk to us because of our editorial policy. The deputy does not want to
spend a lot of his time talking to us, only to see individual quotes in the
story, rather than the preferred format of questions and answers. particularly
if he is not going to see the story at the end.
to change your editorial policy,” she told our reporter.
As a matter of fact, we are proud of our editorial
policy, by which we have been governed for the entire 17 years of our
existence. Parties come and go, often rising and falling on the strength of
personalities, but our good reputation remains. That’s why we will continue
seeking quotes and on-the record sources to the best of our ability, but only
to the extent that it does not compromise our integrity.
We’re not alone in this. The New York Times recently
ran a long editorial comment, explaining to readers and sources that they are
going to stop the practice of sending quotes back for approval. The editors
said they are quite aware that they will lose out on interviews, but they
believe they will gain on quality and ethics. They owe it to their readers.
We’re on the side of The New York Times in this
debate, rather than the side of the Party of Regions. The Kyiv Post will simply
not change its policy because we value independence, the trust of our readers
and advertisers above all. We will lose this trust if the newspaper becomes a
subservient tool of its sources.
In fact, we
campaign among the Ukrainian news media to adopt the same ethical practices and
standards so that all journalists can present a united front.
At the same
time, we do talk to sources in the Party of Regions. Each of our editors and
many reporters have a pool of reliable contacts who can verify tips, help out
with fact-checking and even give an occasional background quote. But they often
have to remain behind the scene because they are not allowed to speak publicly
for attribution, or for other reasons that we usually explain when we run the
If the Party
of Regions is confident in itself and truly believes in freedom of the press,
its representatives should start acting that way – and one good first step is
to have honest give-and-take with journalists.
Kyiv Post editor Katya Gorchinskaya
can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.