Since the beginning of the full-scale invasion of Ukraine in February, 2022, Russians have destroyed more than 15 million square meters of residential housing, leaving an estimated 800,000 homeless, officials have now confirmed.
On July 3, the deputy head of the Parliament Committee on the Organization of State Power, Elena Shulyak stated: “The Russian occupiers destroyed more than 15 million square meters of Ukrainian housing. The most damaged housing is in the Donetsk, Kharkiv, Kyiv, and Chernihiv regions.”
Shulyak added that to date about 220,000 citizens sent applications for compensation for destroyed housing.
Russia’s military aggression has inflicted large-scale destruction on industry, infrastructure, and socially significant sites in Ukraine. The damage and destruction of private property is no less acute.
The Ukrainian state assumes responsibility for restoring citizens’ property and compensating for war damage, with the bill on compensation to citizens for damaged housing drafted a month after the full-scale Russian Federation invasion. Registered on March 24 and adopted as a basis on April 1, today, the bill is reaching the final stage for approval in Parliament.
However, despite compensation payouts being relatively slow, getting compensation for a destroyed residential building is still possible. Until the adoption of basic Law, the compensation process is regulated by the Resolutions of the Cabinet of Ministers.
The challenge being faced, however, is how to roughly calculate the destruction’s scale and the total amount of necessary compensation.
Meanwhile, constructing temporary houses is important to provide people who have lost their homes with shelters before the winter. There are 2.1 million official migrants in Ukraine. Reacting to this, the presidential office has launched a program that provides temporary housing for those fleeing the war.
This program envisages the construction of 2,000 apartments in each of the 15 regions of Ukraine. The initial phase will consist of the building of two residential complexes of 1,000 apartments, with each complex also containing 24 houses.
The construction of an additional 30,000 apartments in 15 regions of Ukraine is also envisaged.
According to Kirill Tymoshenko, deputy head of the presidential office, 600,000 apartments are urgently required, of which the state will transfer almost 9% (53,393 apartments) to program participants by the end of the year, with the rest needing to be partly covered by readymade apartments of which the state is going to purchase.
The construction of residential complexes could become one of Ukraine’s most vital economic recovery tools in the future.
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