Cargo ships loaded with grain and other agricultural products left Ukrainian ports on Monday, Oct.31, despite Russia’s decision to pull out from a landmark deal designed to ease a global food crisis.

At least six ships including the Ikaria Angel  — chartered by the World Food Programme and loaded with 30,000 tonnes of wheat destined for an emergency response in the Horn of Africa — left Ukrainian ports on Monday, according to a website that tracks marine traffic.

“Civilian cargo ships can never be a military target or held hostage. The food must flow,” Amir M. Abdulla, the UN Coordinator for the Black Sea Grain Initiative, tweeted on Monday.

In all, 12 ships were due to leave Ukrainian ports on Monday and four were due to head to the country, according to the Joint Coordination Center (JCC) that has been overseeing the agreement brokered by Turkey and the UN.

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The traffic came days after Russia notified the UN and Turkey that it was suspending its participation in the grain agreement, after Moscow accused Ukraine of a “massive” drone attack on its Black Sea Fleet in Crimea.

Ukraine has labelled the Russian charges as a “false pretext”.

Moscow also withdrew from ship inspections, which were mandatory under the deal.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan vowed to pursue efforts to keep the agreement in force despite Russia’s moves.

British Defence Intelligence Update Ukraine 15 July 2024
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British Defence Intelligence Update Ukraine 15 July 2024

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“Although Russia acts hesitantly… we will resolutely continue our efforts to serve humanity,” Erdogan said in a televised address.

Talks continue

Monday’s shipping schedule was agreed by the Ukrainian, Turkish and UN delegations, with Russia informed of the movements, the JCC said in a statement late on Sunday.

A source familiar with the matter said: “As a signatory to the agreement, they have been requested to take the necessary measures to ensure the safety of the vessels.”

Turkey’s defence ministry said talks were under way with the relevant parties for the agreement to remain in place.

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“In these talks, the parties are reminded of the importance of continuing this initiative … and to avoid any provocation that will negatively affect the continuation of the mechanism,” the ministry said Sunday.

Ukraine, one of the world’s largest grain exporters, was forced to halt almost all deliveries following Russia’s invasion in late February.

The July deal to unlock its grain exports is critical to easing the global food crisis caused by the conflict.

The agreement, which established a safety corridor through which vessels could travel to Istanbul for inspections, had already allowed more than 9.5 million tonnes of Ukrainian grain to be exported and was due to be renewed on November 19.

A separate deal signed with Russia allowed the export of Russian food and fertilisers, despite Western sanctions imposed on Moscow. But it was never implemented, to the dismay of Moscow, which has complained about the issue for weeks.

On Thursday, two days before Russia’s suspended its participation in the deal, its ambassador to the UN Vassily Nebenzia told reporters that Russian exports must be allowed to go through before Moscow would commit to a deal extension.

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Ukraine has complained of delays in the inspection of vessels, accusing Russia of deliberately slowing the arrival from Turkey of dozens of ships heading to its Black Sea ports.

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