Russia said Friday its forces had wrested control of the war-scarred town of Soledar in east Ukraine, its first claim of victory in months of battlefield setbacks, but Ukraine said fierce fighting was still under way.

Both sides have conceded heavy losses in the battle for the salt mining outpost, with Moscow desperate to sell any win back home after repeated humiliations and Ukraine determined to hold – and win back – ground.

The Russian defence ministry announced it had "completed the liberation" of Soledar late the previous day and that the victory would pave the way for more "successful offensive operations" in the Donetsk region.

In a separate statement, it praised the "courageous and selfless" forces of mercenary group Wagner for storming Soledar.


The nod was an unusual recognition of the controversial force following talk of infighting and rivalry between Wagner and the official military.

The founder of Wagner, Yevgeny Prigozhin, insists that his force spearheaded the offensive for Soledar.

Kyiv dismissed Russia's announcement and said "severe fighting" was ongoing in Soledar, an industrial town with a pre-war population of about 10,000 now reduced to rubble.

Ukraine's Deputy Defence Minister Ganna Malyar said earlier that Russia had moved most of its forces around Donetsk to capture Soledar.

"This is a difficult phase of the war," she said.

In Siversk, a town north of Soledar that could be next in line for the Russian advance, artillery echoed around the battered buildings dotted with a few remaining residents and Ukrainian military personnel braving light snow and freezing wind.

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Oleksandr Sirenko, who was chopping window frames and floors from destroyed flats into smaller pieces for firewood, said he did not want Kyiv's troops to retreat.

"You know, I've been afraid of many things in my life," he told AFP. "We only hope they don't retreat. We hope, we hope. We are afraid, but where should we go?"

Capturing Soledar could improve the position of Russian forces as they push toward what has been their main target since October, the nearby transport crossroads of Bakhmut.


The Russian defence ministry said Friday that Soledar's capture "makes it possible to cut off supply routes of Ukrainian troops" there and surround them.

The US-based Institute for the Study of War said Russian information operations have "overexaggerated" the importance of Soledar.

"But this small-scale victory is unlikely to presage an imminent encirclement of Bakhmut," it cautioned.

It said the fight for Soledar had likely heavily taxed Russian battlefield resources, constraining its ability to quickly move on to larger Bakhmut to the south. 

Ukraine's forces also have taken heavy losses in the battles of Soledar and Bakhmut and are calling on the country's allies to give it more weapons.

"To win this war, we need more military equipment, heavy equipment," said Andriy Yermak, head of Ukraine's presidential office. Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba said he had spoken with US Secretary of State Antony Blinken and "emphasised the need" for Ukraine to receive Western-type tanks.

"We also discussed further sanctions on Russia," Kuleba tweeted.


The calls came ahead of next week's meeting of the Ukraine Defense Contact Group, which coordinates arms supplies to Kyiv, at Ramstein Air Base in Germany.

Kyiv has stepped up pressure on the West for tanks, aircraft and long-range munitions so far denied the country.

"This concern about the next level of escalation, for me, is some kind of protocol," Defence Minister Oleksiy Reznikov told the BBC on Friday, dismissing NATO fears about provoking Russia.

At the White House, US President Joe Biden and Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida reiterated their support for Ukraine.

"Japan's participation in the measures against Russia transformed the fight against Russia's aggression against Ukraine from a transatlantic one to a global one," Kishida said.

Meanwhile, the UN Security Council met again Friday to discuss the situation in Ukraine, nearly 11 months since the start of the Russian invasion.

"Ukraine, Russia, the world cannot afford for this war to continue," Undersecretary-General Rosemary DiCarlo said.

But "the logic that prevails is a military one, with very little, if any, room for dialogue," she added, seeing "no sign of an end to the fighting".

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